The atomic bomb was first brought into mental existence by a group of scientists including German scientist Albert Einstein,. They were concerned that the Germans would think of it first and put it into action for the good of their army. So they got to work. Since president Franklin Delano Roosevelt was very stressed with thinking about the war, and how the United states could help without getting involved, he had no time to listen to what he thought were the “silly” ideas from scientists.
However, Albert Einstein was very intelligent, and the group of scientists knew that the president would listen to him, so they had him write the president a letter, telling him about the powerful bomb that would split atoms and create radiation so that whole towns could be wiped out. Still, the president disregarded the letter, thinking it unimportant. Finally, the president became desperate. He opened the letter and pored over the contents for days.
He decided that it was a good idea, and got his top scientists, including working on it. He kept it top secret, titling it the “Manhattan project”. By the time the bombs were tested and ready to go, president Roosevelt had died in office, and vice president Harry Truman became president. He made a decision to drop the bombs.
Special planes would open the bomb hatch while hovering in the air, where it would drop thousands of feet, where it exploded for miles around, and then afterwards carried a radiation that made the air practically boil for hours at a time. Also, because of the radiation, many babies were malformed when they were born, and the total death rate was more than 200,000 lives.
Still, the Japanese refused to surrender, so, on August 9th, 1945, a second larger bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, carrying even more devastating results. This time, the Japanese surrendered unconditionally. The bombings of Nagasaki and Hiroshima, Japan were the first and last time atom bombs were EVER used as weapons.
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